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Upstream is for future thinkers

It provides news of emerging technologies, scientific discoveries and predictions of our future

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Biomedical

Biomedical

Transhumanism is a biomedical goal to fundamentally transform the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities.

This is achieved though Cybernetics, Genetic Engineering, Life Extension, Medicine and Stem Cell Treatments.

Computing

Computing

The effect computers have had on the world is unquestionably great, however with their capabilities increasing exponentially we are living in a time where, with the development of quantum computing, their effects on us has barely scratched the surface of what is to come.

Artificial intelligence, Augmented Reality, Holography, Quantum Computing and Virtual Reality are all around the corner.

Energy

Energy

As the planet’s resources are rapidly depleting, perhaps the area of most intense global interest at the moment is finding alternate methods of producing energy and efficiently feeding our populations.

Some of these methods include Artificial Photosynthesis, Biofuels, Fusion Power, Genetically Modified Food, Solar Power, Vertical Farming and Wireless Energy Transfer.

Leisure

Leisure

Consumer goods, with the help of emerging technologies, are changing our day to day lives at an increasingly rapid pace. From the internet to mobile phones and 3D printing, the past 30 years has changed the way we live.

The next 30 years includes Holographic Displays, Immersive Gaming, Smart Clothing, Virtual Reality and Wearable Computing.

Military

Military

Although military may not seem the most constructive of tech focuses, it often has the budget to pioneer new technologies which are refined and used commercially later; for example electronic computers, satellite technology or the internet.

Current military interest includes Artificial Intelligence, Drones, Hypersonic Aircraft, Particle Beam Weapons & Stealth Technology.

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology

One of the most exciting progressions of the 21st century so far is our ability to create on a nano scale – allowing us to produce new materials that have never been seen before, and build machines so small that they can even carry out tasks within our blood stream.

Nanotechnology has created new fields of interest within Biotechnology, Computing, Energy and Medicine.

Physics

Physics

Although some people may find physics to be the dull cousin of technology, it is only through the understanding of physics that many of our technologies and understandings of the universe are possible – it is the language to describe and therefore can create our reality, and is incredibly exciting for people who take the time to understand it, as it is the key which can open new doors for our future.

Robotics

Robotics

A very tangible physical embodiment of technology for humans is robotics; we can relate and interact physically with robots and in the future develop relationships with them.

Also as artificial intelligence evolves alongside human intelligence, there will be a time where this technology will increasingly find the need to embody itself in the physical world through robotics.

Space

Space

The final frontier.

The exploration of space holds endless possible discoveries – however one which we may be on the brink of observing which will change the world and the way we think about ourselves as human beings, is the discovery of life on other planets (or moons, such as Jupiter’s Europa or Saturn’s Enceladus, as it may turn out.)

Transport

Transport

Driverless Cars, Jetpacks, Magnetic Levitation, Space Elevators, Fusion Rockets and Teleportation – all areas of intense interest and each offering huge potential for the development of civilisation.

Transport is a practical constraint which touches people daily, which is why future developments could change our lives and the world’s economies on the whole.

Predictions

Predictions

Technology futurists make extrapolations on scientific progress – for example it is predicted that quantum computing will become commercially viable around 2020, based on current advances in technology and projected milestones. This is turn will facilitate breakthroughs in medicine by enabling an accurate virtual model of chemical reactions – thus building an ever-growing web of forecasts.

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About Upstream

Profile

Upstream is an aggregation of news websites curated by Oliver Rozynski, a Sydney based freelance digital designer by trade, technologist by hobby and entrepreneur by aspiration.

It includes the absolute latest on emerging technologies, projections on future trends and scientific breakthroughs as they happen from over 60 universities worldwide.

The aim of Upstream is to create awareness of the explosion of scientific and technological developments which is currently unfolding behind the curtain of mainstream media. With a better understanding of the possibilities for our future, we can open our imaginations to create a new outlook.

We have a lot to look forward to!

See my personal website.

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NASA Unveils Its Plan To Send Humans To Mars Permanently

NASA has laid out a detailed plan for how it intends to send humans to Mars in the next few decades. The 36-page report explains the technology and infrastructure that will be needed to make missions to Mars a reality.

Interestingly, the plans indicate that the ultimate goal is to be “Earth independent,” meaning they want people to stay there, not just go and come back, although they don’t go so far as to use the word “colonize” in their rhetoric. “Like the Apollo Program, we embark on this journey for all humanity,” NASA says in the report, which you can read online. “Unlike Apollo, we will be going to stay.”

The journey to Mars involves three major steps, according to NASA. The first is “Earth Reliant” exploration, which is focused on International Space Station (ISS) research. This involves testing technologies such as 3D-printers and life support systems that will be useful for eventual Mars missions. On the ISS at the moment, for example, astronaut Scott Kelly and cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko are completing the first “year in space” on the station, a vital step towards long-haul Mars missions.

Next, the agency will move into a “Proving Ground.” This will involve testing various components beyond low-Earth orbit. The agency is already building the huge Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, which will be capable of taking humans to Mars, and the Orion spacecraft, which the astronauts will launch in and return to Earth in. Both of these will be flown for the first time together by the end of the decade, and in the 2020s, NASA plans to capture an asteroid and have astronauts go and visit it in cislunar space (between Earth and the Moon).

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The final step is that “Earth Independent” one. Although there’s no strict time scale, NASA plans to use its previous experience to take humans first into Martian orbit in the 2030s, possibly its moons Phobos and Deimos, before ultimately landing on the surface. “With humans on Mars, we will be able to advance science and technology in ways only dreamed of with current robotic explorers,” says the report.

The report also emphasizes the importance of the Mars missions being a “collaborative effort” with other countries. ESA is already involved with the Orion spacecraft, and other countries – perhaps including Russia, Japan, India, and maybe even China – are expected to join in the final endeavor.

Whether the lofty goals will be achieved depends on continuous funding flowing to the agency. And at the moment, it’s not looking too bad. NASA currently has about $4 billion (£2.6 billion) per year to developed its manned exploration efforts, and when the ISS is retired some time in the next 10 years (it has to be, as the outpost is getting fairly old), that will free up another $4 billion for exploration. Of course, more money wouldn’t go amiss, but it could be enough, although some think otherwise.

With the building of the SLS and Orion, and significant research into long-term human spaceflight, habitats, spacesuits, and so on, NASA is pushing purposefully forward with their Mars efforts. Some may be skeptical that it will all come to fruition, but the agency is slowly but surely making headway.

Our bet? See you on Mars in the 2040s.

Thanks IFL Science

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