close

Upstream is for future thinkers

It provides news of emerging technologies, scientific discoveries and predictions of our future

info-page-image

Biomedical

Biomedical

Transhumanism is a biomedical goal to fundamentally transform the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities.

This is achieved though Cybernetics, Genetic Engineering, Life Extension, Medicine and Stem Cell Treatments.

Computing

Computing

The effect computers have had on the world is unquestionably great, however with their capabilities increasing exponentially we are living in a time where, with the development of quantum computing, their effects on us has barely scratched the surface of what is to come.

Artificial intelligence, Augmented Reality, Holography, Quantum Computing and Virtual Reality are all around the corner.

Energy

Energy

As the planet’s resources are rapidly depleting, perhaps the area of most intense global interest at the moment is finding alternate methods of producing energy and efficiently feeding our populations.

Some of these methods include Artificial Photosynthesis, Biofuels, Fusion Power, Genetically Modified Food, Solar Power, Vertical Farming and Wireless Energy Transfer.

Leisure

Leisure

Consumer goods, with the help of emerging technologies, are changing our day to day lives at an increasingly rapid pace. From the internet to mobile phones and 3D printing, the past 30 years has changed the way we live.

The next 30 years includes Holographic Displays, Immersive Gaming, Smart Clothing, Virtual Reality and Wearable Computing.

Military

Military

Although military may not seem the most constructive of tech focuses, it often has the budget to pioneer new technologies which are refined and used commercially later; for example electronic computers, satellite technology or the internet.

Current military interest includes Artificial Intelligence, Drones, Hypersonic Aircraft, Particle Beam Weapons & Stealth Technology.

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology

One of the most exciting progressions of the 21st century so far is our ability to create on a nano scale – allowing us to produce new materials that have never been seen before, and build machines so small that they can even carry out tasks within our blood stream.

Nanotechnology has created new fields of interest within Biotechnology, Computing, Energy and Medicine.

Physics

Physics

Although some people may find physics to be the dull cousin of technology, it is only through the understanding of physics that many of our technologies and understandings of the universe are possible – it is the language to describe and therefore can create our reality, and is incredibly exciting for people who take the time to understand it, as it is the key which can open new doors for our future.

Robotics

Robotics

A very tangible physical embodiment of technology for humans is robotics; we can relate and interact physically with robots and in the future develop relationships with them.

Also as artificial intelligence evolves alongside human intelligence, there will be a time where this technology will increasingly find the need to embody itself in the physical world through robotics.

Space

Space

The final frontier.

The exploration of space holds endless possible discoveries – however one which we may be on the brink of observing which will change the world and the way we think about ourselves as human beings, is the discovery of life on other planets (or moons, such as Jupiter’s Europa or Saturn’s Enceladus, as it may turn out.)

Transport

Transport

Driverless Cars, Jetpacks, Magnetic Levitation, Space Elevators, Fusion Rockets and Teleportation – all areas of intense interest and each offering huge potential for the development of civilisation.

Transport is a practical constraint which touches people daily, which is why future developments could change our lives and the world’s economies on the whole.

Predictions

Predictions

Technology futurists make extrapolations on scientific progress – for example it is predicted that quantum computing will become commercially viable around 2020, based on current advances in technology and projected milestones. This is turn will facilitate breakthroughs in medicine by enabling an accurate virtual model of chemical reactions – thus building an ever-growing web of forecasts.

close

About Upstream

Profile

Upstream is an aggregation of news websites curated by Oliver Rozynski, a Sydney based freelance digital designer by trade, technologist by hobby and entrepreneur by aspiration.

It includes the absolute latest on emerging technologies, projections on future trends and scientific breakthroughs as they happen from over 60 universities worldwide.

The aim of Upstream is to create awareness of the explosion of scientific and technological developments which is currently unfolding behind the curtain of mainstream media. With a better understanding of the possibilities for our future, we can open our imaginations to create a new outlook.

We have a lot to look forward to!

See my personal website.

Signature
rsz_adeptfull_ajd15-i301-0481

NASA Successfully Tests New Heat Shield Designed For Breaching Mars’ Atmosphere

The perhaps not-so-coincidental timing of the announcement of the discovery of salty, liquid water on the surface of Mars and the release of the critically-acclaimed – and scientifically solid – Ridley Scott flick The Martian means that, for many of us, we have the Red Planet at the forefront of our minds. You can’t blame NASA for taking advantage of this: It seems that every other day, a new piece of Martian-themed news is plastered all over the Internet. Yesterday was no exception, as NASA announced that it has completed a successful heat shield test designed for future Mars exploration vehicles.

Whenever an object falls through the atmosphere of a planet, whether that be a spacecraft or a piece of space rock, it heats up. For smaller objects, the friction of the atmospheric particles on the rapidly descending mass does heat it up somewhat, but for larger objects such as an exploratory vehicle, it is the pressure of the particles on the object that produces incredible spikes in temperature.

The faster a spacecraft is traveling through an atmosphere, the more rapidly the atmosphere becomes compressed around it. The denser the atmosphere, the greater the level of compression. This combination of an object’s extremely high entry velocity and the thickness of the atmosphere produces the dramatic heating effect that large meteors and spacecraft experience when they enter Earth’s atmosphere.

Mars has a thinner atmosphere than our own planet, but it is still thick enough to produce a dangerous heating effect on any exploratory spacecraft NASA wants to send to the surface of our neighbouring world. As you would expect, it has been working on developing a heat shield against the Martian atmosphere for some time through its Adaptive Deployable Entry and Placement Technology (ADEPT) project.

Spacecraft are complex pieces of machinery: they need a rocket for launch, smaller thruster systems to send them to their destination, a landing craft to explore the planet itself and, for future manned missions, a vehicle designed to return them to the original craft for its journey back to Earth. There isn’t much spare room to go around, so a heat shield needs to be both effective and compact.

To this end, the ADEPT program has produced a small, mechanically-deployable heat shield composed of a carbon fabric. It expands rapidly, similar to an automatic umbrella opening, and is more flexible than older designs that failed to take the heat. At a recent test at NASA’s Ames Research Center in Silicon Valley, California, this design was subjected to realistic Martian atmospheric entry conditions.

A flow of extremely hot air was blasted straight at the heat shield, causing its surface temperature to reach 1,700 degrees Celsius (3,100 degrees Fahrenheit). Extensive instrumentation on and around the heat shield confirm that it passed the test with flying colors, withstanding the bombardment of heat, bringing NASA one step closer to sending a human being to the Martian surface.

Thanks IFL Science

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

More articles on Space
Space Related Articles
...
You're an official future thinker